Cedars Sinai Medical Towers, Los Angeles, CA

Ear Infections

Our goal is to provide comprehensive and compassionate care to your little ones, while providing you, their parents and families, the knowledge and confidence to entrust them to our care.

The most common type of ear infections in children are those that occur in the middle ear (behind the eardrum), called otitis media.

The ear is made up of three different parts - the outer ear, middle ear and inner ear.

pediatric-ear-infections

Although infections can occur in any area, the middle ear is most common. Middle ear infections usually occur when the Eustachian tube, through which middle ear contents can drain, becomes inflamed, preventing drainage. The Eustachian tube can become inflamed from an allergy or cold. The fluid that remains in the middle ear can then become infected.

Is my child at risk for developing otitis media/ear infection?

Certain risk factors place children at a higher risk for ear infections. Some of these factors include:

  • Age (between 6 and 18 months)

  • Group child care

  • Feeding position (lying down with a bottle)

  • Family history

How do I know if my child has otitis media/ear infection?

Ear infections can be hard to detect in young children because it is hard for them to report symptoms. Symptoms of a middle ear infection include:

  • Earache

  • Fever

  • Ear discharge

  • Headache

  • Dizziness

Your child may tug or pull at their ears, be irritable, cry often or have trouble sleeping if they are suffering from an ear infection. You may also consider this when the child has recently had a cold or is currently ill.

How will the doctor diagnose my child?

An ear infection can be diagnosed by using an otoscope, a small lighted tube used to view the eardrum. This is painless but often children find the experience of having their ears examined frightening. Everything that can be done to distract the child from the exam will be done and usually this part of the exam only takes a few seconds. A hearing test may also be performed for chronic or recurring ear infections.

How will my child be treated for otitis media?

There are specific recommendations and guidelines which should be followed to ensure appropriate treatment of your child. Each case is different, though, and your pediatric otolaryngologist Dr. Mantle will take this into account.

While some ear infections may resolve on their own within two or three days, some children may require antibiotics. For example, the child with a high fever (>102.2) or pain for more than 2 days will likely receive antibiotics. A single ear infection, however, may be observed or be treated with antibiotics depending on the case. Your doctor will help you decide which treatment option is best for your child.

There are some children who suffer from recurrent ear infections. These children may require ear tubes (pressure equalization tubes - PET) to help the middle ear to heal and prevent future infections. This procedure is simple to perform. Your doctor can provide you with more information about PET placement and help determine if your child is a candidate.

Pediatric Allergy & Sinus Disease

ped3

Ear Infections

ped6

Neck Masses

ped1

Tonsils & Adenoids

ped5

Pediatric Sleep Apnea

ped4

Otoplasty

ped2

Office Hours

SAME DAY APPOINTMENTS AVAILABLE

Monday – 8:00am – 5:30pm

Tuesday – 8:00am – 5:30pm

Wednesday – 8:00am – 5:30pm

Thursday – 8:00am – 5:30pm

Friday – 8:00am – 5:00pm

Saturday – 8:00am – 12:00pm

Contact Information

Osborne Head & Neck Institute

Cedars Sinai Medical Towers
8631 W. Third Street, Suite 945E
Los Angeles, CA 90048
Tel: 310.657.0123
Fax: 310.657.0142

Appointment Scheduling

Please use this form to contact Osborne Head & Neck Institute.

WHAT TO EXPECT AT YOUR APPOINTMENT

PREPARING FOR YOUR APPOINTMENT

Your OHNI doctor understands what you as a parent are going through, not only as a physician but also as a parent of a child. They will take the time to answer your questions and explain the medical issues in terms you can understand. You will then review the treatment choices together to determine the best option for your child.

DOES YOUR CHILD HAVE RECURRENT EAR INFECTIONS?

  • Your doctor will first ask you about the history of this problem.

How many ear infections has your child had and over what time period?

What are the symptoms during an infection? Fever? Pain? Decreased appetite? Waking up at night?

Have you noticed a change in your child’s hearing or your child speaking loudly? How is your child’s speech?

Is your child’s balance affected?

Is your child’s ear infection normally treated with antibiotics? What antibiotics? Do they work? Does the ear fluid clear after the ear infection?

Does your child have any other medical problems? Has your child ever had surgery? Is your child allergic to any medications? Is your child taking any medications at this time? Did anyone else in the family ever have recurrent ear infections?

  • Your doctor will then examine your child. They will specifically be looking at the ear for fluid and position of the eardrum.
  • Your doctor will likely order a hearing test for your child. An order will be written and you will call to schedule this test in the near future. The audiologist will send your doctor a report of your hearing test. Your doctor will call to notify you of the results and further recommendations.
  • Your doctor will discuss appropriate treatment options for your child including close monitoring, medications or surgery including ear tubes and possibly adenoidectomy.

Ear tubes are small plastic grommets which look like spools of thread. During surgery, an incision is made in the ear drum and the tube is placed to keep this hole open. The tube allows fluid to drain out and air to get in the middle ear. The tubes usually stay in the ear drum for 12-18 months. The tubes normally fall out of the ear drum on their own and the ear drum hole closes. After a child has ear tubes, the ears will need to be checked periodically to make sure the tubes are in place and functioning. The tubes can get blocked, fall out to early, stay in too long requiring removal, or leave a hole in ear drum which needs to be repaired. There may be a scar or thickening of the ear drum where the tube had been. This thickening usually does not affect the hearing. Placement of ear tubes is a surgical procedure that is preformed under general anesthesia lasting about 15 minutes. Patients go home the same day with minimal ear pain. A child can return to school and normal activities the following day.

In older children who are having recurrent ear infections or a child is having a second set of tubes placed, an adenoidectomy is also often recommended. An adenoidectomy is a surgery done through the mouth to remove the adenoid tissue in the back of the nose. The adenoids are usually removed if they are enlarged blocking the back of the nose or as the source of bacteria that is re-infecting the nose and ears. Surgery is preformed under general anesthesia, usually lasting less than 30 minutes. Most often patients can go home the same day as the adenoidectomy.  Recovery is usually 3 to 5 days, requiring light activity and possibly pain medication.

An x-ray or scope exam may be recommended to evaluate the adenoids. The adenoids are lymphoid tissue in the back of your nose similar to the tonsils. The scope exam can be done during your office visit. Medication is sprayed to decongest and numb the nose. A tiny camera is the used to look inside the nose to inspect the nasal passages, the adenoids and the back of the throat. If an x-ray is ordered, it can usually be done the same day in the radiology department. Once your doctor receives the report and looks at the x-ray they will notify you of the results and further recommendations.

  • If surgery is recommended, you will meet with surgery schedulers to pick a date and discuss insurance coverage.
  • If observation or medical treatment is recommended, your prescriptions will be sent to your pharmacy and you will schedule a follow up appointment.

DOES YOUR CHILD HAVE RECURRENT STREP THROAT / TONSIL INFECTIONS?

  • Your doctor will first ask you about the history of this problem.

How many strep/throat infections has your child had and over what time period?

What are the symptoms during an infection? Fever? Pain? Sore throat? Decreased appetite? Waking up at night? Does it affect your child’s breathing? Does your child snore? Do they stop breathing? Pause or gasp in their sleep? Is your child a restless sleeper?

Do the tonsils get big? Does your child have difficulty swallowing?

Is your child’s strep/throat infection normally treated with antibiotics? What antibiotics? Do they work?

Does your child have any other medical problems? Has your child ever had surgery? Is your child allergic to any medications? Is your child taking any medications at this time? Did anyone else in the family ever have recurrent strep/tonsil infections?

  • Your doctor will then examine your child. They will specifically be looking at the tonsils in the back of the throat.
  • Your doctor will discuss appropriate treatment options for your child including close monitoring, medications or surgery including tonsillectomy.

Tonsillectomy is a surgical procedure that is preformed under general anesthesia with the patient usually going home the same day when preformed for recurrent strep. The tonsils are balls of lymphoid tissue behind the tongue on either side of the back of the throat. Often it is recommended the adenoids be removed at the same time the tonsils are removed. Adenoids are lymphoid tissue similar to tonsils but located in the back of the nose just above the tonsils behind the palate. Tonsillectomy recovery is usually 2 weeks requiring light activity, soft diet and pain medications. If a child has surgery during the school year, they usually are out of school for 1 week.

  • If surgery is recommended, you will meet with surgery schedulers to pick a date and discuss insurance coverage.
  • If observation or medical treatment is recommended, your prescriptions will be sent to your pharmacy and you will schedule a follow up appointment.

DOES YOUR CHILD HAVE RECURRENT SINUS INFECTIONS?

  • Your doctor will first ask you about the history of this problem.

How many sinus infections has your child had and over what time period?

What are the symptoms during an infection? Fever? Headache? Facial pain? Teeth pain? Decreased sense of smell? Nasal congestion? Nasal drainage, clear, white or discolored? Bad breath? Post nasal drip? Cough? Decreased appetite? Waking up at night?

Does it affect your child’s breathing? Does your child have difficulty breathing thru their nose? Does your child mouth breathe? Does your child snore?

Does the sinus infection start after a “cold” or allergies? Does you child always have a runny nose or does it stop between infections?

Is your child’s sinus infection normally treated with antibiotics? What antibiotics? Do they work? Is your child ever treated with other medications including nose sprays, decongestants or antihistamines such as Benadryl or Claritin?

Does your child have any other medical problems? Has your child ever had surgery? Is your child allergic to any medications? Is your child taking any medications at this time? Did anyone else in the family ever have recurrent sinus infections? Does anyone in the family have a history of recurrent sinus infections or allergies?

  • Your doctor will then examine your child. They will specifically be looking at the nose.
  • An x-ray or scope exam may be recommended to evaluate the adenoids. The adenoids are lymphoid tissue in the back of your nose similar to the tonsils. The scope exam can be done during your office visit. Medication is sprayed to decongest and numb the nose. A tiny camera is the used to look inside the nose to inspect the nasal passages, the adenoids and the back of the throat. If an x-ray is ordered, it can usually be done the same day in the radiology department. Once your doctor receives the report and looks at the x-ray they will notify you of the results and further recommendations.
  • Your doctor will discuss appropriate treatment options for your child including close monitoring, medications, allergy testing, further imaging or surgery including adenoidectomy.

Adenoidectomy is a surgery done through the mouth to remove the adenoid tissue in the back of the nose. The adenoids are usually removed if they are enlarged blocking breathing through the nose or as the source of bacteria re-infecting the nose and ears. Surgery is preformed under general anesthesia, usually lasting less than 30 minutes. Most often patients can go home the same day as the adenoidectomy.  Recovery is usually 3 to 5 days, requiring light activity and possibly pain medication.

  • If surgery is recommended, you will meet with surgery schedulers to pick a date and discuss insurance coverage.

If observation or medical treatment is recommended, your prescriptions will be sent to your pharmacy and you will schedule a follow up appointment.

DO YOU HAVE CONCERNS ABOUT YOUR CHILD'S HEARING OR DID YOUR CHILD FAIL A HEARING SCREEN?

  • Your doctor will first ask you about the history of this problem.

Did your child pass their new born hearing screen? Have they had a recent hearing test? Please bring a copy of your recent hearing test to the office visit.

Have you had concerns about their hearing at home or at school? How long has the hearing been a concern?

Has your child had recurrent ear infections? How many ear infections has your child had and over what time period? Is your child’s ear infection normally treated with antibiotics? What antibiotics? Do they work? Does the ear fluid clear after the ear infection?

How is your child’s speech? Does your child complain of any ringing or other sounds in their ears?

Does your child have any other medical problems? Has your child ever had surgery? Is your child allergic to any medications? Is your child taking any medications at this time? Does anyone else in the family have hearing loss?

  • Your doctor will then examine your child. They will specifically be looking at the ear for fluid and position of the eardrum.
  • Your doctor will likely order a hearing test for your child. An order will be written and you will call to schedule this test in the near future. The audiologist will send your doctor a report of your hearing test. your doctor will call to notify you of the results and further recommendations.  Depending on the type of hearing loss, your child may need a CT scan or MRI.
  • Your doctor will discuss appropriate treatment options for your child including close monitoring, medications, imaging studies or surgery including ear tubes.

Ear tubes are small plastic grommets which look like spools of thread. During surgery, an incision is made in the ear drum and the tube is placed to keep this hole open. The tube allows fluid to drain out and air to get in the middle ear. The tubes usually stay in the ear drum for 12-18 months. The tubes normally fall out of the ear drum on their own and the ear drum hole closes.  After a child has ear tubes, the ears will need to be checked periodically to make sure the tubes are in place and functioning. The tubes can get blocked, fall out to early, stay in too long requiring removal, or leave a hole in ear drum which needs to be repaired. There may be a scar or thickening of the ear drum where the tube had been. This thickening usually does not affect the hearing. Placement of ear tubes is a surgical procedure that is preformed under general anesthesia lasting about 15 minutes. Patients go home the same day with minimal ear pain. A child can return to school and normal activities the following day.

  • If surgery is recommended, you will meet with surgery schedulers to pick a date and discuss insurance coverage.
  • If observation or medical treatment is recommended, your prescriptions will be sent to your pharmacy and you will schedule a follow up appointment.  You may be instructed to repeat the hearing test in the future.

ARE YOU CONCERNED ABOUT YOUR CHILD'S SNORING AT NIGHT?

  • Your doctor will first ask you about the history of this problem.

How long has your child snored? Does your child snore all the time or just when they are sick? Does your child stop breathing? Pause? Gasp? Wake up? Is your child a restless sleeper? In the morning, does it seem like your child has gotten a good night’s sleep?  Does your child have headaches? Does your child wet the bed? Does your child have chronic nasal congestion or nasal drainage? Bad breath? Post nasal drip? Cough? Decreased appetite? Waking up at night? Does it affect your child’s breathing? Does your child have difficulty breathing thru their nose? Does your child mouth breathe?

Has your child been treated with antibiotics? What antibiotics? Did it change their breathing? Is your child ever treated with other medications including nose sprays, decongestants or antihistamines such as Benadryl or Claritin?

Does your child have any other medical problems? Has your child ever had surgery? Is your child allergic to any medications? Is your child taking any medications at this time? Does anyone else in the family have problems with snoring or sleep apnea?

  • Your doctor will then examine your child. They will specifically be looking at the nose and the mouth.
  • An x-ray or scope exam may be recommended to evaluate the adenoids. The adenoids are lymphoid tissue in the back of your nose similar to the tonsils. The scope exam can be done during your office visit. Medication is sprayed to decongest and numb the nose. A tiny camera is the used to look inside the nose to inspect the nasal passages, the adenoids and the back of the throat.  If an x-ray is ordered, it can usually be done the same day in the radiology department. Once your doctor receives the report and looks at the x-ray they will notify you of the results and further recommendations.
  • Your doctor will discuss appropriate treatment options for your child including monitoring sleep at home, a sleep study, medications or surgery including adenoidectomy and/or tonsillectomy.

A sleep study is preformed at an outpatient sleep lab where you and your child will spend the night. Before going to sleep a sleep tech will place monitors on your child to detect their snoring, breathing, oxygen, heart rate, brain activity and leg movements. It is best to prepare a child for this test as they often do better when they know what to expect. It can be described as spending the night in a special hotel with mom or dad, sleeping with lots of stickers and wires on which are not painful.  When the sleep study is completed a sleep doctor will interpret the results and send your doctor a report. Once your doctor receives the report they will call you with the results and further recommendations.

Adenoidectomy is a surgery done through the mouth to remove the adenoid tissue in the back of the nose. The adenoids are removed to unblock the back of the nose and improve breathing through the nose. Surgery is preformed under general anesthesia, usually lasting less than 30 minutes. Usually patients can go home the same day after the adenoidectomy.  Recovery is usually 3 to 5 days, requiring light activity and possibly pain medication.

Tonsillectomy is sometimes preformed with an adenoidectomy. Tonsillectomy is usually recommended if a child has obstructive sleep apnea where they stop breathing with pausing and gasping spells while asleep. If is unclear is a child has obstructive sleep apnea, a sleep study can be ordered to monitor a child’s breathing while asleep. Tonsillectomy is a surgical procedure that is sometimes done in the hospital with a stay overnight if a child has obstructive sleep apnea. Tonsillectomy recovery is usually 2 weeks requiring light activity, soft diet and pain medications. If a child has surgery during the school year, they usually are out of school for 1 week.

  • If surgery is recommended, you will meet with surgery schedulers to pick a date and discuss insurance coverage.
  • If observation or medical treatment is recommended, your prescriptions will be sent to your pharmacy and you will schedule a follow up appointment.

DOES YOUR CHILD ALWAYS HAVE A STUFFY NOSE?

  • Your doctor will first ask you about the history of this problem.

How long has your child had a stuffy nose? Does your child always sniff? Blow their nose? Does your child sneeze often? Does your child have itchy watery eyes? Does your child have a runny nose? Does your child have difficulty breathing thru their nose? Does your child mouth breathe? Does your child snore? Does your child get recurrent “colds”? Does your child get sinus infections? Does you child always have a runny nose or does it stop between infections? How many sinus infections has your child had and over what time period?  What are the symptoms during an infection? Fever? Headache? Facial pain? Teeth pain? Decreased sense of smell? Nasal congestion? Nasal drainage, clear, white or discolored? Bad breath? Post nasal drip? Cough? Decreased appetite? Waking up at night? Does it affect your child’s breathing? Is your child’s sinus infection normally treated with antibiotics? What antibiotics? Do they work? Is your child ever treated with other medications including nose sprays, decongestants or antihistamines such as Benadryl or Claritin? Has your child ever been allergy tested?

Does your child have any other medical problems? Has your child ever had surgery? Is your child allergic to any medications? Is your child taking any medications at this time? Does anyone else in the family have recurrent sinus infections? Does anyone in the family have allergies?

  • Your doctor will then examine your child. They will specifically be looking at the nose.
  • An x-ray or scope exam may be recommended to evaluate the adenoids. The adenoids are lymphoid tissue in the back of your nose similar to the tonsils. The scope exam can be done during your office visit. Medication is sprayed to decongest and numb the nose. A tiny camera is the used to look inside the nose to inspect the nasal passages, the adenoids and the back of the throat.  If an x-ray is ordered, it can usually be done the same day in the radiology department. Once your doctor receives the report and looks at the x-ray they will notify you of the results and further recommendations.
  • Your doctor will discuss appropriate treatment options for your child including close monitoring, medications, allergy testing or surgery including adenoidectomy.

Adenoidectomy is a surgery done through the mouth to remove the adenoid tissue in the back of the nose. The adenoids are usually removed if they are enlarged blocking breathing through the nose or as the source of bacteria re-infecting the nose and ears. Surgery is preformed under general anesthesia, usually lasting less than 30 minutes. Most often patients can go home the same day as the adenoidectomy.  Recovery is usually 3 to 5 days, requiring light activity and possibly pain medication.

  • If surgery is recommended, you will meet with surgery schedulers to pick a date and discuss insurance coverage.
  • Allergy testing can be done by skin testing or blood work. Your doctor can perform skin allergy testing in the office.  This is usually scheduled as a separate visit. The allergens are applied to the skin and the local reaction is measured to determine if allergies are present. The results are known with in 20 minutes. Patients must be off antihistamine medications for 2 weeks prior to allergy testing. If blood allergy testing is recommended, a lab order will be written and sent to the lab. You can schedule to have the labs drawn at your convenience. Once your doctor receives the results, they will call you to review the results and make further recommendations.
  • If observation or medical treatment is recommended, your prescriptions will be sent to your pharmacy and you will schedule a follow up appointment.

DOES YOUR CHILD HAVE A LUMP IN THEIR NECK?

  • Your doctor will first ask you about the history of this problem.

How long has the lump been present? Has it changed in size? Does it hurt? Has your child had a fever? Can your child move their neck? Does the lump affect your child’s breathing? Eating? Has you child ever had this neck lump before? How was it treated? Has your child recently been treated with antibiotics? Does your child have any other symptoms? Stuffy nose? Sore throat? Ear ache? Has your child been sick recently? Has your child had any trauma recently? Does your child have any other lumps on their body? Weight loss? Cough? Decreased appetite? Waking up at night? Night sweats? Voice changes? Has your child been around anyone sick? Have you traveled recently? Where? Any recent inset bites? Has your child been around cats? Are your child’s immunizations up to date? Has your child had any immunizations recently?

Does your child have any other medical problems? Has your child ever had surgery? Is your child allergic to any medications? Is your child taking any medications at this time? Did anyone else in the family ever have a neck lump or cancer?

  • Your doctor will then examine your child. They will specifically be looking at the neck.
  • Your doctor will discuss appropriate treatment options for your child including imaging, fine needle aspiration, close monitoring, medications or surgery.
  • If imaging, fine needle aspiration or lab work is recommended, your doctor will write and order which will be sent to imaging center and/or lab. You will then call to schedule a time for these tests in the near future.  Your doctor will call you when they get the results of these tests to discuss further recommendations.
  • If surgery is recommended, you will meet with surgery schedulers to pick a date and discuss insurance coverage.
  • If observation or medical treatment is recommended, your prescriptions will be sent to your pharmacy and you will schedule a follow up appointment.
MEET THE DOCTORS 2018: LONDON & BELGRADE: FEBRUARY 2018 | NYC, ORLANDO, HOUSTON: APRIL 2018SCHEDULE YOUR MEETING